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Poodle skirts, slick hair, and the birth of rock and roll aren’t the only things for which ’50s culture is known. The decade is also marked by one of the most successful allegories in theatre — Arthur Miller’s The Crucible.

In 1952, Miller wrote the play, which dramatized the 17th Century Salem witch trials, in response to McCarthyism, when the US government went on its own witch hunt — for communists. A raving success, the play was later adapted into an opera by composer Robert Ward in 1961.

To this day both the play and the opera remain highly recognized and revered. Presenting one of the most successful adaptations of theatre, Piedmont Opera brings home Robert Ward’s The Crucible in collaboration with the AJ Fletcher Opera Institute of the UNC School of the Arts. Ward was the Chancellor of the School of the Arts from 1967-1975. But this story does not begin with Piedmont Opera’s production. This story begins long ago, when Ward, now 94, fi rst saw Miller’s play back in 1952.

Ward saw the second-ever performance of the play in New York and said he was “bowled over by the power of the play and its characters. “I immediately thought about ‘How do I get to Miller directly?’” Ward said. “Not only, at that time, was he already a pretty famous playwright, but that’s also when he was involved with Marilyn Monroe and that was getting a lot of publicity.” Ward had to fi rst get Miller’s permission to compose the opera before he could go through with it.

Fortunately, Ward’s brother was good friends with Miller’s producer in New York, so Ward took advantage of the connection. At the time, the New York City Opera was still performing Ward’s fi rst opera He Who Gets Slapped (1956).

The producer told Ward to hold three tickets to the last performance of his opera for himself, Miller and Marilyn Monroe. “When word got around that Miller and Marilyn Monroe were going to be there, I think we sold some extra tickets that night,” Ward laughed. “But he came and my brother’s friend, the producer, came, but Marilyn never got there.” Ward said they met after the performance and Miller was very interested in creating an opera for The Crucible.

“I learned later that Miller thought at fi rst that [The Crucible] would make a better opera than a play. He even began to hear music from the fi rst scene,” Ward said. After gaining Miller’s permission and a commission from the New York City Opera, Ward teamed with librettist Bernard Stambler, who began the process by cutting down the text and length of the play. “These days, people would rather not have an opera four hours long,” Ward said.

“I think the movies have something to do with this. They’ve conditioned people to a two-hour work.” Ward adds that a libretto is only about a third as many syllables as a play because it needs room for the melodies. Ward said they were under so much pressure to fi nish the opera in time that the cast had to learn it scene by scene as it was written. Ward fi nished the last pages of score only 11 days before the curtain went up.

“I was so busy writing it that I didn’t get to really view it, but then when I fi rst heard it in the singers’ voices and saw the staging of it and so forth, I had a feeling that it was going to be a great success.” “At the end of the opera there was a very quiet pause for just a moment — long enough that the audience heard a woman break out in a great sob,” Ward said about the fi rst performance. “And then the audience reacted and they all got on their feet.”

Ward said he felt silly standing for his own opera, so he remained seated with his wife. “During the applause, an older woman who was sitting next to me looked down at me and she said, ‘Young man, don’t you realize what you’ve just heard?’ I smiled and introduced myself.”

It was The Crucible that earned Ward the 1962 Pulitzer Prize for Music, and from then on his name was high in the world of opera. To learn more about the play or opera, or to meet Ward himself, see Piedmont Opera’s list of community events in Playbill.

wanna go?

Piedmont Opera performs Robert Ward’s The Crucible March 16, 18 and 20 at the Stevens Center, 405 W. 4th St., Winston-Salem. Tickets are $15-$80. For tickets or more information call 336.725.7101 ext. 100 or visit

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